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- Lots of mistakes / errors
- A lot of variance within the movement
- Less reliant on their conscious mind when performance a technique
- The fluidity of their movement will increase
- Less errors will occur when performing a technique
- A player requires minimal cognitive effort
- A player can begin to understand the context of when, where and why to use this technique now they have mastered the ‘how’
This model of motor learning by Fitts and Posner has been used to explain cognitive and behavioural changes that occur through the learning of a skill, what we would call in football as technical development. This model suggests that as an individual is learning a technique they will progress through the three stages that you see here.
So, if we take a look at the cognitive stage of this continuum, this theory would suggest that the players or individuals within this stage rely purely on their conscious mind, when attempting the technique. They’ll try and attempt to break up the movement to try and ensure its execution. We’ll discuss how we as coaches can support this process later in the presentation, but during this stage they’ll make lots of mistakes, lots of errors, there will be a lot of variance within the movement as well.
As the player progresses they will become less reliant on their conscious mind when performing the technique. The fluidity of their movement will increase and less errors will occur when performing a technique. This is then the associative stage.
(Autonomous) This is the stage that we as coaches want every player to get to. When a player becomes autonomous in performing a technique, they’ll require minimal cognitive effort. During this phase, a player can begin to understand the context of when, where and why to use this technique now they have mastered the how.