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3 Stages Of Learning | Sara Hilton

3 Stages Of Learning | Sara Hilton | Video

Sara Nicole-Hilton | Lecturer of Football + Coaching Science | @sarahiltona

You can view the full presentation along with 27 hours’ worth of video content from our Virtual Conference 2018 by purchasing an ‘On Demand Delegate Pass’

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3 Stages Of Learning

“If we take a look at the cognitive stage of this continuum (motor learning by Fitts and Posner ), this theory would suggest that the players or individuals within this stage rely purely on their conscious mind, when attempting the technique. They’ll try and attempt to break up the movement to try and ensure its execution… during this stage they’ll make lots of mistakes, lots of errors, there will be a lot of variance within the movement as well”

Cognitive

  • Lots of mistakes / errors

  • A lot of variance within the movement

Associative

  • Less reliant on their conscious mind when performance a technique

  • The fluidity of their movement will increase

  • Less errors will occur when performing a technique

Autonomous

  • A player requires minimal cognitive effort

  • A player can begin to understand the context of when, where and why to use this technique now they have mastered the ‘how’

Video Transcript

This model of motor learning by Fitts and Posner has been used to explain cognitive and behavioural changes that occur through the learning of a skill, what we would call in football as technical development. This model suggests that as an individual is learning a technique they will progress through the three stages that you see here.

So, if we take a look at the cognitive stage of this continuum, this theory would suggest that the players or individuals within this stage rely purely on their conscious mind, when attempting the technique. They’ll try and attempt to break up the movement to try and ensure its execution. We’ll discuss how we as coaches can support this process later in the presentation, but during this stage they’ll make lots of mistakes, lots of errors, there will be a lot of variance within the movement as well.

As the player progresses they will become less reliant on their conscious mind when performing the technique. The fluidity of their movement will increase and less errors will occur when performing a technique. This is then the associative stage.

(Autonomous) This is the stage that we as coaches want every player to get to. When a player becomes autonomous in performing a technique, they’ll require minimal cognitive effort. During this phase, a player can begin to understand the context of when, where and why to use this technique now they have mastered the how.

 

This clip is taken from a presentation by Sara Hilton for our Virtual Conference in 2018